Interior of Jain temple(Kolkata)
As the capital of British India and home to the fertile agricultural and mineral-rich land of eastern India, Kolkata was one of the first areas of India to develop industrially. The first jute and paper mills of India were started in the Kolkata area in the 1800s. By 1921 nearly 35 percent of India’s industrial workers were located in Kolkata. However, Kolkata began to lose its industrial leadership after India gained its independence in 1947.